Our “security problem” is “The relationship between political infrastructure and access to education in Nigeria.”
There were several other issues that concerned us, for example, Child labor, Human Rights, Industrial Revolution 4.0, Immigration, Air pollution, Health care and Overpopulation in cities. However, we quickly realised that such issues are very complex and abstract in nature. We realised that this would have made it difficult for us to have a singular focus and create realistic solutions. We then decided to focus on “Timely investments to supply economic developments and sustainable environmental needs,” but then realised that this demanded technical scientific knowledge which would be difficult to produce. After this realisation we agreed to change the topic into accessible education in Nigeria. There are two points which we used as a criteria for making it a subject. One is that it includes many connected social issues like poverty, child labor, infrastructure and systemic problems. This meant that we would have many avenues to find solutions. The other is that one of our members has a relationship with Nigeria. We thought that this familiarity with the issue would be important for a big project in a class. In conclusion, we would like to think deeply about the topic with taking account of many social issues.
In the brainstorming process, Chicken Wings team have been thinking about why education in Nigeria failed. Whilst brainstorming we defined and identified root causes of this issue, examples of these were:
– The difficulty cause by infrastructure
– Lack of investment and proper organization
– Lack of facilities
– Parents cannot support their children to school because of their low income
– Classes are overcrowded
– The gap between public school and private school
Finally, we have decided to choose one predominant problem which is the difficulty caused by infrastructure in country. This led to the finalisation of our topic as: “The Relationship between Infrastructure and Accessible to Education in Nigeria”.
Some ideas from our classmates to solve this issues are:
– Finding sponsors
– Parental support
– Providing studying materials
– providing basic educational and life skills for out of school children
– Ensuring sustainable funding (also change of the route of funding might be necessary to prevent corruption and improve effectiveness of investment)
– Advertise on social media….
After re-framing and defining this problem in our group again and again, we found two possible solutions : improve the quality of infrastructure and restructuring education funding. However, we had a greater focus on the restructuring of education funding.
According to Mr. Donald Duke, Aspirant for the 2019 presidential election, said “One of the sad things about our nation is our failure to invest in ourselves, the failure to invest in education”. He meant that education failed is because of lack funding. Corruption is also pointed as widely problem since Nigeria consistently ranks among the most corrupt countries in the world, according to the Transparency International. Corruption is a main major threat to the present education, and it has affected funding and standards of education.
Proceeding with our brainstorming process, keeping in mind problems mentioned above, we came to a few “out of the box” ideas. For example, high grade students can teach low grade students some basic knowledge to ease a lack of teachers and also to get some practical education experience, that might result in interest of becoming a teacher. Also, we thought that it is possible to organize some kind of “circle” activity, providing basics of useful skills such as agriculture, carpentry etc. These skills can be used practically to improve the conditions of schools. Seeing practical result of own labor, student may improve interest in self education as well.
We chose 8 documentaries to increase our understanding of the situation with education in Nigeria. Some of them (especially “Nigerian schools in dire state” and “Nigeria struggles to deliver good education”) showed us many problems related to shortage of money. First, public schools are overcrowded, dilapidated and ill-equipped. One teacher teaches 116 students in a class. Also teachers are often paid poorly resulting in teaching not being an attractive occupation and thus a lack of teachers. Because of the shortage of teachers, teachers who are untrained/improperly trained are required to teach students, this further reduces the quality of education. Also some schools are suffering from lacking water and electricity. Interviewees says that they need more money to improve the environment for students.
What we came up with as a non-conventional idea is “Funding in Nigeria in an efficient manner (Direct funding from the central government to the locals)”. We believe the idea make the local have more power so that they can arrange teachers and facilities properly because the local know well about the problems of their area. We think that Nigeria is a large country and so many ethnic people live there. Therefore, the locals should make educational systems which suite the area even though the central government make norms of educational qualities.